Summary

A summary is a condensed version of a longer passage from a outside source. Like a paraphrase, it is written in your own words.

The APA requires that you include the author's last name and year of publication. Page numbers are encouraged but optional.

Author at Beginning, No Page Number

Fontana and Montalbano (2008) report that in order for Microsoft to remain relevant in the Netbook environment, they are making Windows XP Home available for Netbook until 2010 because Windows Vista takes up too much memory and can’t operate on the smaller but functional Netbooks.

Author at Beginning With Page Numbers

Fontana and Montalbano (2008) report that in order for Microsoft to remain relevant in the Netbook environment, they are making Windows XP Home available for Netbook until 2010 because Windows Vista takes up too much memory and can’t operate on the smaller but functional Netbooks (p. 12).

Author At End, No Page Numbers

In order for Microsoft to remain relevant in the Netbook environment, they are making Windows XP Home available for Netbooks until 2010 because Windows Vista takes up too much memory and can’t operate on the smaller but functional Netbooks (Fontana & Montalbano, 2008).

Author At End, With Page Numbers

In order for Microsoft to remain relevant in the Netbook environment, they are making Windows XP Home available for Netbooks until 2010 because Windows Vista takes up too much memory and can’t operate on the smaller but functional Netbooks (Fontana & Montalbano, 2008, p. 12).