Linguistic Landscape: Bibliography of English Publications

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You do not need to register or log in to view the "Library" of Linguistic Landscape Bibliography references. Just click the link above or paste it into your browser.

The Zotero site allows you to search the bibliography, filter by reference type (edited collections, journal articles, book chapters, etc.), sort items by author, date, publication, etc., copy in APA or another citation style, and export entries in a varity of formats.

I will soon be enabling a series of tags so that individual references can be described in a way that makes the bibliography more useful now that it has more than 250 references. In order to protect the integrity of the bibliographic information while allowing access to everyone on the web, general users are not allowed to edit the entries.

For questions, comments, additions, or corrections, please write to Rob Troyer at

Below the map is a brief tutorial for the Zotero site.


Interactive Map of Locations of published studies of the LL



Zotero user guide

Here's where the Zortero link above will take you.



The default "Library Setting" will show the items' Titles, Creators (authors), and Dates Modified (when the item was added to the library or updated). In order to change this, click on the "Library Settings" button.



In the pop-up menu, deselect and select the elements of the items that you want displayed. The Title is required, and as shown below, Creator and Date Modified are selected by default.



I recommend selecting Creator, Date, Publisher, and Publication as highlighted below.



This will result in the following screen.



You can sort the library entries alphabetically or chronologically by clicking on one of the column headings (Title, Creator, Date, Publisher, Publication, etc.). Here is the library sorted by Date (year of publication).



For easier searching, the library also contains all of the references in folders so that you can select only authored books, book sections, edited collections, journal entries, etc. Just click on a subfolder under the main library folder in the left column. Here is what you will see if you select journal articles and sort by publication.



If you scroll to the bottom of the page (the first 25 items), you'll see the right arrow to advance to the next page or double arrow to go to the end.



Here is the second page of entries (51-75) of the list of journal articles sorted by publication.



To view the details of a reference, click on any of its elements that are showing (Title, Creator, Date, Publication, etc.). Here is the entry for Landry and Bourhis (1997).



You can also use the search box to retrieve references that contain a word, name, or phrase in any element of the entry.



While a search for "landscape" will get many hits, and "Japan" or "Shohamy" will recieve several, "Landry" will only retrieve one.



When you have selected a reference, the Export and Cite buttons will be enabled.



Here's the result of clicking the Cite button and selecting APA style. The citation in the box can be copied and pasted into your list of references.




For questions, comments, additions, or corrections, please write to Rob Troyer at


     The bibliography contains books and articles on Linguistic Landscape as the term is used in Landry and Bourhis (1997) though some works predate this article, some do not use the term linguistic landscape, some are more about language in media than print in public spaces, some are not about specific locations, and several are about the function of advertising language in multilingual settings and the internationalization of English to the potential exclusion of other sub-topics. Nonetheless, it is hoped that this list, updated as of December 2013, is extensive regarding the core theory and empirical work published in English about linguistic landscapes. My apologies in advance for any inadvertently overlooked work and the lack of non-English publications. Thank you to colleagues world-wide who have contributed their scholarship and references to it for this bibliography. Any mistakes in the references are my responsibility.