Western Oregon University

PE 473 (& 473L) Physiology of Exercise
4 Credit Hours)

The mission of the Division of Health & Physical Education is to maximize individual and professional development in health and movement science and promote healthy lifestyles and communities.

Tom Kelly, NPE 212, 838-8256; kellyt@wou.edu

Office Hrs. TBA - see my faculty web page http://www.wou.edu/%7Ekellyt/


Course description:  Human physiological response and adaptation to the effects of physical activity, conditioning, and training programs. Exercise implications for both health and human performance. Prerequisites Biology 234, 235, & 236.


Objectives:  To develop an understanding of how the body responds to acute and chronic exercise. Specifically the student will: a) describe the various systems and anatomical structures of the body and discuss the effects of exercise and rest on each; b) describe both athletes and non-athletes in physiological terms, and recognize the limitations and potential of training programs for each group; c) write training programs for the development of each physiological system, list and evaluate the equipment used to train these systems; d) evaluate basic physiological functions related to performance, and use these data to modify training programs and predict performance; e) discuss current controversies in ergogenic aids, diet, food supplements, gender differences, aging, altitude, environment, etc. in terms of athletic performance.


Study Instructions: Read assignments ahead of discussion. Extensive notes should be taken. Power Point Presentations are available prior to each lecture in the ‘PE 473’ class folder on the "K drive" after logging-on, on campus, using your campus user-name and password.

Evaluation:  A mid-term and final examination over the lecture and text will comprise 60% of the grade. Additional quizzes may be added to this total. The final exam will be given at the approved University time and date only; no early or late tests will be administered. 30% of the grading total will come from lab assignments. Classroom participation is worth 10% of your grade in this course. To receive full participation credit you must attend class having prepared by becoming familiar with the materials relevant to the days topic. Your questions and comments should reflect that preparation. All work handed in late will be discounted at the rate of 10% each day (no late labs accepted after they have been graded and returned to the class).

This class will follow standard University procedures for grading, issuing of incompletes, and academic integrity. Academic dishonesty is defined as the intentional act of deception in one of the following areas: cheating, fabrication, assisting, tampering, and plagiarism.

Grading Scale

100-93% = A
92-90% = A-
89-88% = B+
87-83% = B
82-80% = B-
79-78% = C+
77-73% = C
72-70% = C-
69-68% = D+
67-63% = D
62-60 = D-
59-0% = F


Required Text:  McArdle WD, Katch FI, & Katch VL, Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, & Human Performance. 6th ed. Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins. http://connection.lww.com/Products/mcardle6e/src.asp Other readings may be required from online or library sources.


Tentative Lecture & Reading Schedule:

I.        Nutritional sources of energy                                   Pg. 82-92 (Chap. 1-2 if needed)

II.     Bioenergetics                                                          Chap. 5

A.     Laws of thermodynamics                           

B.     ATP Production                                         Chap. 6-7

1.      Immediate energy systems

a)      ATP-PC

2.      Intermediate energy systems

a)      Glycolysis

b)      Glycogenolysis

3.      Endurance energy systems

a)      Krebs Cycle

b)      ETS

(1)   EPOC

c)      Gluconeogenisis

III.   Measurement of energy expenditure

A.     Indirect calorimetry & RQ                          Chap. 8

B.     Metabolic rates & energy expenditure         Chap. 9-10

C.     Field tests & energy capacity                      Chap. 11

IV.  Skeletal muscle: Structure & function                       Chap. 18         

V.     Neuromuscular function                                          Chap. 19

VI.  Cardiovascular system                                            Chap. 15

A.     Intrinsic & extrinsic regulation                      Chap. 16

B.     Cardiac output                                            Chap. 17

VII.            Pulmonary structure & function                         Chap. 12

A.     Oxygen transport                                        Chap. 13

B.     Ventilation                                                  Chap. 14

VIII.         Bone physiology & exercise                              Pg. 58-68

IX.  Endocrine system & response to exercise                Chap. 20

X.     General training terms and principles                        Chap. 21

A.     Endurance Training                                    

1.      Anaerobic

2.      Aerobic

B.     Overtraining or chronic fatigue

XI.  Strength training                                                      Chap. 22

A.     Cycle, phase or periodization training

XII.            Nutrition for Performance                                 Chap. 3                       

1.      Carbohydrate loading

2.      Use of fat

3.      Protein requirements

4.      Pre-game meal

XIII.         Ergogenic aids                                                  Chap. 23

A.     Dietary aids

B.     Supplements

C.     Steroids and other drugs

D.     Blood doping

XIV.         Energy balance & weight control                                  

A.     Body composition                                      Chap. 28-29

B.     Obesity & weight control                            Chap 30

XV.           Aging & exercise                                              Chap. 31

XVI.         Exercise & thermal stress                                  Chap. 25

XVII.      Exercise & altitude considerations                     Chap. 24 & 26


ACSM Position Stands

ACSM - Northwest Chapter

The American Physiological Society

The American Society of Exercise Physiologists

National Strength & Conditioning Association


Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine & Science

PubMed: National Library of Medicine

American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation

American Heart Association

US Department of Agriculture Dietary Info

WOU Wolves