Shibori is an ancestor
to contemporary tie-dye. The shibori family of techniques
includes numerous resist dye processes practiced throughout
the world. Within this exhibit are traditional hand-tied examples
from Japan, China, India, and Africa along side examples created
by contemporary artists using shibori techniques.
in the design and dye process have been developed and used
in Japan since the 8th century. The Japanese are noted for
the intricacy of their designs. This exhibit presents an
overview of selected processes and the tools used to create
traditional and contemporary shibori. Featured are examples
of techniques, raw cloth, and finished works. Patterns produced
in traditional manipulated resist dyeing are seen in every
day items ranging from garments to wrapping paper.
shibori cannot be produced with machinery. It can only be
created by hand, utilizing numerous labor intensive processes.
Printed versions of shibori patterns, though intricate in
design, pale in comparison to the richness of hand-tied fabric.
treating cloth as a two-dimensional surface, shibori gives
cloth three-dimensional texture by folding, crumpling, stitching,
plaiting, or plucking and twisting. Cloth shaped by these
methods is secured in a number of ways, such as binding and
knotting before dyeing. One piece of cloth may use a variety
of methods and be dyed many times before it is ready for use
as clothing or a household item.
The artist first creates a design on long bolts of cloth. When
the dyeing process is complete and it is cut into shapes the
design continues from one piece to another. The artist has to
keep in mind the number of colors and which techniques to use
to produce the desired design.
Preparing the Cloth:
The design pattern is stenciled with fugitive (water soluble)
ink on the full length of fabric. Using the stenciled outline
as a guide, the cloth is stitched, bound, resisted, wrapped
or gathered by hand.
tied cloth takes on three-dimensional characteristics. The process
of knotting is very labor intensive. Hand-tying an intricate
design may require 12 months to complete enough fabric to make
Once the first stage of tying is complete, the cloth is dyed
in the lightest color in the pattern. Before dyeing in the next
color, the cloth is knotted or stitched again. This process
of knotting and dyeing is repeated to create intricate multicolored
(Japanese) – manipulated resist dyeing
(Hindi) – manipulated resist dyeing
(Hindi) – stitching design technique
(Hindi) – wrapping technique which produces small spots
(Japanese) - wrapping technique which produces small spots,
referred to as ‘fawn spots’ or ‘fish rows’
– folded cloth that is clamped with shapes
shibori – rolling cloth around a pole, wrapping and rouching
LOCATION: 2nd floor gallery
Curator: Susan Kristoferson & Jerrie