Transferware souvenirs from the 1800s & 1900s.
The transfer printing process began in 1756 and was developed by John Sadler and Guy Green of Liverpool. It was then adopted by Josiah Wedgwood who used it on his ivory based "Creamware."
Transfer printing is a process by which a pattern or design is etched onto a copper (or other metal) plate. The plate is then inked and the pattern is "transferred" to a special tissue. The inked tissue is then laid onto the already bisque fired ceramic item, glazed, and fired again.
Initially patterns were transferred to the ceramic items after glazing, but the ink often wore off, thus "underprinting" was born. Transfer items have a crisp, almost decal look about them. If you look closely you can often see the place where the transfer design ends. Often these are the areas where the pattern does not quite match, like wallpaper.
This exhibit consists of items with the image of Campbell Hall from the WOU Archives. Most of the blank procelain shapes were imported from Germany. The transferware images may have been applied in this country.
LOCATION: 1st Floor