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PHL 101 Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality (3)
An introduction to philosophical reflection on the fundamental nature of reality, on our knowledge of it and on the justification of that knowledge.


PHL 102 Introduction to Philosophy: Personal Morality and Social Justice (3)
An introduction to philosophical reflection on the nature of morality and justice and to basic principles of practical moral reasoning in private and public life, business, medicine, etc.


PHL 103 Introduction to Logic (3)
Introduction to both informal and formal logic. Informal topics include analysis and evaluation of techniques of reasoning, problem solving, and judgment and decision-making. Formal logic will examine techniques of deductive reasoning.


PHL 199 Philosophy Discussion (1)
Weekly philosophy discussion group meeting: Terms and hours to be arranged. Repeatable for up to 15 credits. P/NC.


PHL 207H, 208H, 209H Philosophy in the Western World (3 each)
A chronological survey of major philosophers, ideas, and world views in the Western world. PHL 207H: Ancient to Medieval. PHL 208H: Medieval to Enlightenment. PHL 209H: Enlightenment to present. Prerequisite: participation in WOU’s Honors Program


PHL 251 Ethics (3)
This course will cover major classical and contemporary theories in normative ethics. It will include a careful study of virtue ethics, natural law, utilitarianism and deontology. It will also compare the justification of moral judgments with that of scientific judgments.


PHL 252 Medical Ethics (3)
Examines and critically evaluates a number of contemporary issues in medical ethics. Will provide a scholarly overview and discussion of both theoretical and applied issues. Possible issues to be addressed include: patients’ rights, privacy of personal medical information, problems surrounding death and dying including the issues of physician assisted suicide, and medical research including issues of human cloning and stem cell research.


PHL 255 Environmental Ethics (3)
Comprises a study of the unique moral relationship and responsibilities that humans have to the non-human environment. It involves both a theoretical and practical component. Topics may include: global warming, endangered species, pollution, food production, and consumption, limited resources and energy.


PHL 261 Metaphysics: Theory of Being (3)
Survey of representative issues and theories regarding the fundamental principles and structure of reality, including such topics as mind-body relation, mind-brain relation, nature of life, nature of matter, reality as a whole, etc.


PHL 262 Epistemology: Theory of Knowledge (3)
Survey of representative issues and theories in the philosophical study of human knowledge and its foundations.


PHL 263 Philosophy of Mind (3)
Exploration of philosophical questions about the mind, mental states and its relation of mind and brain. Main topics are dualism and various forms of materialism, behaviorism, mind-body identity theories, and functionalism; the nature and content of mental states (e.g. belief, desire, meaning).


PHL 282 Philosophy of Art (3)
Introduction to theories of beauty and art and interpretations of the meaning and value of aesthetic experience.


PHL 283 Philosophy of Religion (3)
Introduction to theories of religion and basic philosophical issues relating to religion, such as the nature and existence of an ultimate reality, the problem of evil, the interpretation of religious language and symbols, and the nature of mystical experience. Note: 3 to 6 hours of lower-division philosophy recommended as background for upper-division courses.


PHL 311 Ancient Philosophy (3)
History of philosophical thought of the ancient Greek and Roman periods. May be taken twice for credit if content is not repeated.


PHL 313 Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy (3)
History of European philosophy of the Medieval and Renaissance periods.


PHL 314 Modern European Philosophy (3)
History of European philosophy from the dawn of modern science through the 19th century. Emphasis given to different philosophers on alternate years offered. May be taken twice for credit if content is not repeated.


PHL 316 Contemporary Philosophy (3)
Principal philosophical figures and movements of 20th century philosophy in America and Europe. May include pragmatism, analytic philosophy, existentialism, phenomenology, structuralism, Marxism. May be taken twice for credit if content is not repeated.


PHL 321 Existentialism (3)
Covers major thinkers of philosophical existentialism, which may include French existentialists, German Existentialists, or religious existentialists. The course may also cover the work of either of the two main progenitors of existentialism: Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche. Because existentialism is literary and artistic as much as philosophical, the course may also include study of literary works.


PHL 322 19th Century Philosophy (3)
Covers major figures of 19th Century Philosophy. Contact instructor for precise syllabus. The course may be taken twice for credit if content is not repeated.


PHL 323 Continental Philosophy (3)
Covers major schools, figures, and topics of 20th Century European Philosophy. Contact instructor for precise syllabus. Course may be taken twice for credit if content is not repeated.


PHL 350 Social and Political Philosophy (3)
Philosophical exploration of basic topics and problems of social, political and economic life, together with theories that indicate how these topics and problems should be understood and handled. Special attention given to principles involved in criticism and justification of institutionalized distributions of power and resources.


PHL 360 Philosophy of Education (3)
A philosophical exploration of the educational process, both in general and in relation to its contemporary institutional setting, drawing upon a variety of philosophical perspectives both ancient and modern. Three hours of introductory philosophy recommended but not required as prerequisite.


PHL 370 Philosophy of Science (3)
Philosophical investigation of theoretical issues of science and scientific methodology, such as scientific explanation, the structure of theories, nature of scientific laws, revolutions in science, and the distinction between observation and theory.


PHL 380 Philosophy of Law (3)
Philosophical examination of major issues and concepts in law. Covers theories of jurisprudence such as natural law theory, legal positivism, and critical legal studies, and also covers areas of criminal and constitutional law such as self-defense, insanity defense, civil liberties, etc.


PHL 382 Philosophy of Music (3)
Application of general theories in aesthetics to the specific artistic genre of music, as well as examination of philosophical problems raised by music. Topics include: the nature and definition of music, the nature of aesthetic musical experience, the issue of the objectivity or subjectivity of aesthetic value of musical works and musical performances, metaphysical issues about what a musical work is, and the issue of authenticity in musical performance.


PHL 398 Special Studies A (1-6)
This is an open-ended course covering areas in ethics, value theory, aesthetics, and related areas. It is offered from time to time as a regular 3 hour course with a special topic. It may also include study of the work of a specific philosopher or school. Terms and hours to be arranged. Course may be taken up to 12 hours without repeating a topic.


PHL 399 Special Studies B (1-6)
Course covering areas of metaphysics, epistemology, language, science, logic, and related areas. It is offered from time to time as a regular 3 hour course with a special topic. May include study of the work of a specific philosopher or school. Terms and hours to be arranged. Course may be taken up to 12 hours without repeating a topic.


PHL 405 Senior Tutorial in Philosophy (3)
Capstone of undergraduate course work in philosophy: research, senior essay, presentation, critique, and response to critique. For seniors with a major or minor in philosophy, or a major in humanities with a concentration in philosophy.


PHL 406 Special Individual Studies (1-15)
Terms and hours to be arranged. Individual or special studies in a specific area of interest, under the guidance of a designated faculty member.


PHL 407 Seminar (1-15)
Terms and hours to be arranged.


PHL 433/533 Philosophy for Children (3)
Introduction to the teaching of higher level thinking and reasoning skills at elementary, intermediate and secondary levels, making use of curricula such as those developed by the Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children. Limit of 20 students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor; course may be retaken up to a maximum of 9 hours if content is not repeated


PHL 607 Seminar (3)
One of a variety of topics in philosophy as announced in the schedule of classes.



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