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Criminal Justice

CJ 199 Special Studies (4)
Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 212 History and Development of American Law Enforcement (4)
Course surveys the historical development of American law enforcement, focusing on the social, political and organizational dynamics that helped to shape this critical institution. The course covers the four major models of American policing: colonial, political, reform, professional and service models. Course provides a historical foundation for other courses in the law enforcement major.


CJ 213 Introduction to Criminal Justice (4)
A multidisciplinary approach to administration, procedures, and policies of agencies of government charged with the enforcement of law, the adjudication of criminal behavior and the correction/punishment of criminal and deviant behavior. Includes an overview of criminal justice models and explanations of adult and juvenile crime and responses of the adult and juvenile justice systems within respective social, political and economic contexts.


CJ 219 Ethics and Leadership in Criminal Justice (4)
Major ethical theories relevant to criminal justice and social service institutions are examined. Emphasis is placed on ethical practices and dilemmas that affect practitioners as they endeavor to provide public services.


CJ 220 Introduction to Homeland Security (4)
First in a series of three (CJ 220, CJ 320, CJ 420). Introduces students to the strategies and skills necessary to help local government and their communities become more effective in creating safe, vigilant, prepared and resilient communities for homeland security (i.e. natural and manmade disasters, crime and social deviance, acts of terrorism, and community enhancement). The course bridges the core strategies and philosophies of community policing and homeland security.


CJ 225 Substance Abuse: Causes, Enforcement, and Prevention (4)
Introduction to the causes of substance use and abuse in US society, the enforcement of drug and alcohol abuse, and contemporary modalities of prevention and treatment of substance abuse. Theories of substance abuse will be reviewed, as well as types of legal and illegal substances of abuse. The effectiveness of current enforcement practices will also be discussed.


CJ 241 Introduction to Community Crime Prevention (4)
Opportunity to explore the history, philosophy, theory and application of community crime prevention programs. Students will examine research and programs in law enforcement, the courts, corrections, higher education and community-based organizations.


CJ 244 Comparative Criminal Justice (4)
Criminal justice systems from around the world are compared and contrasted.


CJ 252 American Courts (4)
In depth examination and analysis of the American court system. Students will be exposed to the new emerging “problem solving courts” and the school of legal thought referred to as Therapeutic Jurisprudence. Course is multidisciplinary and appropriate for all students who wish to have a better understanding of the American court system and emerging trends in the administration of justice.


CJ 310 Legal Research and Writing (4)
An intensive writing course that focuses on legal research and writing. Students will learn to conduct legal research, write legal briefs, reports and memoranda utilizing the rules of citation, grammar and style.


CJ 320 Developing Homeland Security Practices (4)
Second in a series of three courses (CJ 220, CJ 320 and CJ 420). Course teaches students the skills needed to develop collaborative community action plans for homeland security (i.e. natural and man-made disasters, crime and social deviance, acts of terrorism, and community enhancement). Prerequisite: CJ 220


CJ 321 Principles of Forensic Investigations (4)
Course is designed for students studying forensic science and non-criminal justice majors. A study of the history, philosophy and theory of the use of physical evidence in the US criminal justice system. Focus on the legal requirements for handling and processing forensic evidence and includes the study of the exclusionary rule and other relevant legal processes. Crime scene procedures, including the recognition, collection, processing and preservation of physical evidence.


CJ 327 Research Methods in Criminal Justice (4)
Opportunity to learn, understand and apply social research methods to issues germane to the discipline of criminal justice. Emphasis on the relationships of theory to research, measurement, research design, hypothesis testing, sampling and implications of research for social polity. Prerequisite: CJ 213


CJ 331 Police and Community: Policy Perspective (4)
Broad review of contemporary American crime control policies and their relationship to community needs and citizen expectations. Emphasis on the influences that politics (i.e. minority groups, advocacy groups, etc.), culture, economics and bureaucracy have on policy development. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 351 Police Organization and Administration (4)
Organizational and management principles; the administrative process in law enforcement agencies; the relationship of theoretical administrative concepts to the practical police environment. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 352 Criminal Law (4)
Examines the sources and application of substantive criminal law. Students will learn to locate, interpret and apply municipal ordinances, state statutes, common federal law, and how to find and research statutes.


CJ 403 Field Study (4)
Terms and hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 406 Independent Studies (1-4)
Terms and hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 407/507 Seminar (1-4)
Terms and hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 408 Workshop (1-15)
Term and hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 409 Practicum (4-12)
Terms and hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 420 Implementing Homeland Security Strategies (4)
Third in a series of three courses (CJ 220, CJ 320, and CJ 420). Course teaches students how to successfully implement collaborative strategies and community action plans related to homeland security (i.e. planning for or responding to all hazardous events) from an executive or leadership perspective. Prerequisite: CJ 320


CJ 421 Policy Analysis in Criminal Justice (4)
Introduction to the concepts and strategies of policy analysis as they apply to policies and programs within the criminal justice system or related programs of community collaborations. Course teaches (prepares) students how to conduct an actual analysis (evaluation) of a criminal justice program or policy, or a community collaboration. Course is designed to be taken in conjunction with CJ 425. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 422 Community Collaboration and Development (4)
Course offers opportunity to learn the logistics, mechanics, and theoretical foundations behind community collaboration development – a systems approach that links community members and organizations with various institutions designated with the responsibility to assist communities. Course is multidisciplinary appropriate for anthropology, criminal justice, education, geography, history, and sociology students who will work or live in communities. Co-requisite: must be taken in conjunction with CJ 425


CJ 423/523 Management of Law Enforcement Organizations (4)
Managerial concepts, administrative principles and supervisory practices for the middle command officer. Law enforcement leadership, policy formulation and application of sound management practices. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 424/524 Law Enforcement Planning (4)
Planning techniques, development of criminal justice planning, identification of problem areas, causative factors, solutions and alternative strategies, using resources to effect change. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 425 Program Evaluation/Participation (4)
Building on the skills and knowledge acquired in prior courses, this course offers students the opportunity to either: 1) conduct an analytical evaluation of a community collaboration program, or 2) participate as an ethnographer in a community collaboration program, in one of the following areas: community policing, homeland security, crime prevention, victim assistance, sentencing or reentry, disaster preparedness, or community outreach (i.e. homeless, mental illness, or poverty). Co-requisite: must be taken in conjunction with CJ 406 and either CJ 421 or CJ 422


CJ 427 Crime Analysis (4)
Course covers the qualitative and qualitative study of crime and crime trends in relation to factors of sociological, demographic and spatial nature. Students gain valuable experience in utilizing public data and attitudinal surveys for the purpose of analyzing, interpreting, and presenting crime reports in a professional manner.


CJ 435/535 Gender, Crime and Justice (4)
Course examines the differences in the commission of offenses and victimization by gender and addresses gender specific differences in criminality, societal reactions and criminal justice responses by gender. Course also addresses the relationships of gender, race, social class, crime and social control.


CJ 436/536 Minorities, Crime, Social Policy, and Social Control (4)
The involvement of minorities, especially African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans, in crime and the criminal justice system. Special attention is devoted to the role of racism in theories of crime and in American law and to the treatment of minorities by various factions of the criminal justice system.


CJ 440/540 Community Crime Prevention Studies (4)
Multidisciplinary approach to theoretical foundations of issues related to crimes committed in the community and theoretical orientations of various community crime prevention strategies and the implications associated with social policies. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 449 Youth Gangs in American Society (4)
Examines the emergence and proliferation of youth gangs in American society, with an emphasis on theory, policy analysis, and social, community, and individual impacts. This course examines intervention and prevention strategies, employing a systems approach that requires community, agency, and institutional collaboration development.


CJ 450/550 Criminology (4)
A description and analysis of types of crimes, types of criminals and the major theories of crime causation. An examination of past and present incidence rates of crimes; the socioeconomic, cultural and psychological variables related to criminal behavior; and a review of possible solutions to the crime problem. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 451/551 Youth, Crime and Society (4)
Offers a review of the nature, distribution and explanations of youth crime, with particular attention given to the historical context of youth crime and the topic of youth gangs. Gender, race, political and official responses to youth crime will be emphasized. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 452/552 Criminal Procedure (4)
The concepts of due process and application of the Bill of Rights in criminal law are examined in the light of U.S. Supreme Court decisions. State and federal procedural law is reviewed as well as relevant new legislation. Prerequisites:
CJ 213 and CJ 252 or consent of instructor


CJ 453/553 Corrections (4)
Considers the evolution of punishment, corrections theories, survey of prison development and administration; education, labor and rehabilitation processes; social groups in the prison community. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 454/554 Parole and Probation (4)
History of parole and probation; review of contemporary parole and probation theories, practices, processes and research; the future of parole and probation. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 455/555 Correctional Casework and Counseling (4)
History, development and contemporary practices, theories, and techniques of juvenile and adult correctional casework, counseling and treatment. Prerequisite: CJ 213 or consent of instructor


CJ 456 Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice (4)
A study of contemporary issues in criminal justice. Prerequisite: consent of instructor


CJ 463/563 Topics on Juvenile Issues (4)
This course focuses on contemporary juvenile issues (such as child abuse) and other current issues and trends that involve the juvenile, family, school, social agencies and the court. Prerequisite: upper-division standing


CJ 603 Thesis/Field Study (1-9)
Terms and hours to be arranged.


CJ 606 Special Individual Studies (1-15)
Term and hours to be arranged.


CJ 608 Workshop (1-15)
Term and hours to be arranged.


CJ 609 Practicum (1-12)
Term and hours to be arranged. Students must obtain signature from community service supervisor prior to registration.


CJ 612 Research in Criminal Justice (4)
Course examines research techniques and methods necessary for a comprehensive understanding of crime, criminal justice, and their relationship to policy construction and implementation. Course will explore quantitative and qualitative social research methodologies, and examine their application in the study of crime and criminal justice in a variety of geographic environments (e.g. rural and/or urban settings).


CJ 616 Community-Based Corrections (4)
Inventory, assessment and impact of community based programs implemented for treatment and care of the juvenile and adult offenders.


CJ 617 Criminal Justice Administration and Organizational Behavior (4)
Review of theories of organization and administration, the application of these theories to criminal justice system organizations; review of research on criminal justice administration and organization.


CJ 618 Theory of Criminal Law (4)
Development and application of criminal law in America. Focus on a variety of issues germane to the history and implementation of criminal law. Course will address philosophical, sociological, psychological and biological contributions to criminal law, and the implications of these contributions on social policies will be explored.


CJ 619 Ethics and Leadership in Criminal Justice Organizations (4)
Course examines major theories of leadership and ethics relevant to criminal justice and social service institutions. Emphasis is placed on leadership and its relationship to ethics. Various models of leadership and research relevant to the criminal justice setting are discussed.


CJ 620 Offender Treatment (4)
Exploration of various offender treatment programs. Students will examine the theoretical foundation for those programs, as well as the social, economic and political implications associated with adult and juvenile offender treatment programs.


CJ 621 Human Resource Management in Criminal Justice (4)
Students will explore the recruiting, selection, training, assignment, discipline and promotion of personnel in criminal justice. Emphasis is on the philosophy, theory and practice of human resource management in the contemporary public safety agency.


CJ 622 Strategic Planning in Criminal Justice (4)
Students will explore the development and design of strategic planning to provide the competence to develop a strategic plan for a criminal justice agency. Strategic planning will be contrasted to tactical planning and intuitive planning. The strategies for future thinking, visioning, organizational values, environmental concerns, stakeholders and forecasting will be studied. Study and research will focus on the philosophy, theory and application of strategic planning in criminal justice agencies.


CJ 656 Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice (4)
A study of contemporary issues in criminal justice.


CJ 660 Advanced Theories and Research in Crime and Delinquency (4)
Graduate students will have an opportunity to explore advanced applications of theory and social research methodologies. Students will be required to develop and apply critical analysis of a variety of theoretical and methodological applications within the realm of criminal justice and the broader study of crime. Students will be required to demonstrate an understanding of the relationships between theory, methods and social policy.



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