ES476/576 Hydrology


Class Syllabus (Adobe Acrobat Format)

ES476/576 Winter 2012 Class Syllabus (revised Jan. 16, 2011)
  • ES476 Revised Winter 2012 Class Schedule (updated Jan. 16, 2011)

    Link to WOU 2011-2012 Finals Schedule

    Bulletin Board **Check Here for Class News and Events**

    Final Grades are posted - Have a good spring break!
    Click Here for Final Grade Sheet (by last 4 of V-No.)

    Instructions for Making Acrobat PDF Files and Compiling a Digital Lab Report


    Class Notes

    The class notes are organized according to their order of occurrence throughout the term. They are available in Adobe Acrobat Reader (PDF) Format. Acrobat Reader is invoked as a plug-in within the web browser environment. It is available on most machines at WOU. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free by returning to Taylor's Home Page

    Exam study guides will be included as the term progresses. Please check future postings as exam time approaches

    1. Introduction to Hydrology

  • Global Water Budget Figures
  • Hydrologic Cycle Animation (NASA *.mpeg 45 Mb)

    Glossary of Hydrology Terms

    2. Basics of Water Chemistry

    3. Physical Principles Applied to Hydrology
  • Week 3 Equation List

    4. Math Review
  • Geomath Primer Kit
  • Guidelines for Quantitative Problem Solving

    5. Overview - Meteorology of Precipitation
  • Atmospheric/Precipitation Figures
  • Methods of Areal Precipitation Analysis
  • Planix 7 Planimeter Instructions - Map Area Measurement with Planimeter

    6. Overview of Surface Water Hydrology
  • Equation List for Surface Water
  • Figures to Accompany Surface Water
  • USGS Water Watch Web Site (Portal to U.S. Streamflow Data)
  • Link to OSU Stream Analysis Tutorial Website

    7. Overview of Flood Hydroclimatology
  • Hirschboeck (1991) Climate and Floods (USGS Water Supply Paper)
  • Hirschboeck et al. (2001) Flood Climatology

    8. Introduction to Groundwater
  • Updated Unit Conversion Tables
  • Basic Equation List for Groundwater
  • Figures to Accompany Introduction to Groundwater
  • Introduction to Groundwater Video Exercise (Earth Revealed)

    9. Groundwater Flow Mechanics
  • Equation List for Groundwater Flow
  • Figures to Accompany Groundwater Flow

    10. Well Hydraulics
  • Overview of Field Methods in Drilling and Well Installation
  • Oregon Water Resources Dept. - Consumers Guide to Well Construction and Maintenance
  • Equation List for Well Hydraulics
  • Figures to Accompany Well Hydraulics
  • Aquifer Testing Glossary of Terms

    11. Drilling Terms Review Sheet
  • YouTube - How to Drill a Water Well
  • YouTube - Fletcher Air Rotary Drilling


    Field Trip Program Guide, Pacific Northwest Groundwater Exposition


    Video Resources

    The Water Channel

    OSU Hydrology Seminar 2011 (streaming video)
    Link to Oregon Water Conference Spring 2011
    Link to Umatilla Basin Groundwater Video
    OSU IWW Statewide Water Roundtables 2008

    Link to USGS Water Resources Video Archive (Downloadable)

    Link to WOU Library Films on Demand - Earth Science
    Link to WOU Library Films on Demand - Browse by All Titles




    Additional Readings

    Hydrogeology Report Guidelines for State of Oregon
    Ritter et al., 1995, Overview of Drainage Basins and Basin Hydrology

    Driscoll Reading, Well Drilling Techniques
    Driscoll Reading, Well Design

    Powerpoint Slide Shows to Accompany Class Notes

  • Introduction to Matter and Heat
  • Water Chemistry
  • Hydrologic Cycle / Global Water Budget
  • Principles of Meteorology / Overview
  • Introduction to Groundwater
  • Groundwater Flow-Well Hydraulics-Aquifer Testing
  • Snow Pack Hydrology and Climate Change in the Western Cascades (Feb. 2012)

    Moodle Online Homework Assignments

    Homework Instructions:

    (1) Clicking on the link at the end of this section will take you to a web-based course management software called "Moodle".
    (2) Once at the site, choose the "Login" option at the upper right of the page.
    (3) Enter your WOU student server username (the one you use for WOU email or to get to your "H:\" drive).
    (4) Enter the last four digits of your student ID V-no. for the password (unless if you have already changed it).
    (5) Once you are logged in, look for the "Change Password" icon...but DON'T FORGET IT.
    (6) Click on the "Homework Assignment" icon.
    (7) Click on the homework assignment you wish to complete, and begin the online assignment.
    (8) You may stop and begin the assignment as many times as you wish, once you "submit for grading", you will receive feedback and can rework the questions.
    (9) Make sure you print a hard copy of your homework answers and/or save them as a file on your local drive!

    Note: Pay attention to the availability dates. You have unlimited time and an unlimited number of tries to correctly answer and submit the questions.

    Note: Print your questions and answers from the browser icon... this will be your written record of completing the assignment. This will also serve as your study guide!


    Click Here to Go to Moodle and the ES476 Homework Page

  • Moodle User Notes (Scott Carter, 2009)
  • Moodle User Notes (Scott Carter, 2010-11)

    Instructions for WOU Terminal Server Access from Home

    Lab Exercises

    Introductory Hydrology Problems (Veisman and Lewis Chap. Problems)
    Intro to Quantitative Applications in Geoscience
    Intro to Spreadsheets, MS Excel, and Data Analysis
  • Excel 2007 Tutorial
    Intro to Applied Problems in Hydrology
    Analysis of Oregon Climate Data
    In-Class Precipitation Anlysis Exercise
    Mono Lake Water Budget Exercise
    Contouring Exercise / Isohyet Map of Eastern Oregon

    Cascade Mountain Ice Budget Lab
  • Cascade Mountain Ice Budget Data (Excel Spreadsheet)
  • Mt. Rainier Glacier Maps

    Watershed Morphometry and Surface Water Hydrology

    Well Log Exercise
    Groundwater Problem Set 1 (Introduction to Groundwater)
    Groundwater Problem Set 2 (Groundwater Flow)
    In-Class Exercise: Introduction to Hydrogeology of the Monmouth Area

    Drilling Terms Review Sheet

    In-Class Exercise: Working with Groundwater Contour Maps

    Flood Frequency Analysis Exercise

    Background Reading: Overview of Flood Frequency Analysis
  • USGS Hydro Subcommittee Publication 17B (1982) - Guidelines for Determining Flood Flow Frequency
  • Beeson, 1968, Comparison of Flood Frequency Methods Used by Federal Agencies
  • Flood Frequency Terminology
  • Tips and Guidelines for Conducting Streamflow Analysis

    Flood Frequency Lab Exercise
  • Western Oregon Peak Flow Data Records (*.xls)
  • Click Here for Simplified Log Pearson Type III Flood Frequency Worksheet (*.xls)
  • Alsea River Flood Frequency Tutorial / Example
  • US Regional Map Skew Coefficients (*.gif image file)
  • USGS Historical Streamflow Data
  • USGS Real-time Streamflow data

    Annual Streamflow Analysis Exercise

  • Overview of Annual Streamflow Analysis
  • Tutorial on Annual Streamflow Anlysis
  • Annual Tutorial Data (*.xls)

    Daily Streamflow Analysis Exercise

  • Tutorial on Daily Streamflow Analysis
  • Tutorial on Instantaneous Streamflow Analysis
  • Instantaneous Tutorial Data (*.xls)

    Flow Duration Analysis Exercise

  • Overview of Flow Duration Analysis
  • Tutorial on Flow Duration Analysis
  • Flow Duration Tutorial Data (*.xls)

    Digital Mapping / Surfer Exercises


    Lab Data

    Click Here for Midterm Exam (EXCEL) Data

    Planix 7 Planimeter Instructions - Map Area Measurement with Planimeter

    Unit Conversion Tables for Lab Exercises
    Dictionary of Measurement Units

    Link to Online Custom / Printable Graph Paper
  • 10 x 10 (10 lines/inch) Graph Paper

    Intro to Excel Data Set (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Oregon Weather Station Locations (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Oregon Climate Zone 1 (Coastal) Precipitation Data (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Oregon Climate Zone 2 (Willamette Valley) Precipitation Data (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Oregon Climate Zone 4 (High Cascades) Precipitation Data (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Oregon Climate Zone 7 (High Lava Plains) Precipitation Data (Excel Spreadsheet)

    Cascade Mountain Ice Budget Data (Excel Spreadsheet)
    Mt. Rainier Glacier Maps

    Oregon 7.5-min DEM's Link (Surfer Exercise)
  • Monmouth 7.5-minute Quadrangle, 10-m Digital Elevation Model (*.zip)
  • Marys Peak 7.5-minute Quadrangle, 10-m Digital Elevation Model (*.zip)

    Surfer Intro Lab - Oregon Precipitation Data
    Surfer Intro Lab - Oregon Weather Station Elevation Data
    Surfer Lab - Oregon Basemap Data Overlays (Counties, Rivers, Roads)

    Surfer Groundwater Mapping Lab - Digitized Groundwater Elevation Data

    Surface Water Hydrology Lab Data
    Gumbel Plot Graph Paper for Recurrence Interval Data

    Hydrology Text Data

    Exercise 2-2/3 Flow Data for NH River
    Exercise 3-3 Global Surface Temp. / Greenhouse Effect
    Exercise 3-12 Effects of ET on Global Water Balance
    Exercise 3-13 Precipitation-ET-Runoff Calculator
    Exercise 4-6 Double Mass Curve
    Exercise 4-8 Sesonal Precipitation / Circular Stats
    Exercise 4-9 Intensity-Duration-Frequency Analysis
    Exercise 5-2 Solar Radiation Calculator
    Exercise 5-3 Daily Snowmelt Calculator
    Exercise 6-7/8 Soil Infitration
    Exercise 7-1/2 Oklahoma Meteorologic Data
    Exercise 7-6 Transpiration Calculation via Penmann-Monteith Equation
    Exercise 7-13 Water Blance Data
    Exercise 7-13 Thornthwaite Water Balance
    Exercise 8-2/13 Theis Drawdown Problem
    Exercise 8-10 Streamflow Loss/Gain Calculation
    Exercise 9-1 River reach inflow (convex method)
    Exercise 10-6/7 Oxygen-Sag Curve for BO Wastes
    Exercise 10-7 Lake Nutrient Concentrations
    Exercise 10-9/10 Flood-Damage Reduction Exercise

    Lab Answer Keys

    In-Class Water Budget Exercise
    Introductory Hydrology Problems (Veisman Chap1)

    In-Class Water Properties Exercise
    Homework 1 - Introduction to Quantitative Problems
    Homework 2 - Introduction to Applied Problems in Hydrology
    Isohyets / Contouring Exercise
    Theissen Average Rainfall Exercise

    Results of Pearson Log III Flood Frequency Exercise
    Groundwater Problem Set 1
    Groundwater Problem Set 2
    Well Log Problem

    Intro to Surfer / Digital Mapping
    Groundwater Mapping with Surfer
    Well Hydraulics / Aquifer Testing
  • Aquifer Test Results and Parameters (*.AQT files - zipped into an archive)


    Study Guides

    Glossary of Hydrology Terms

  • Winter 2010 Final Lab Portfolio Task List (due Thurs. Mar. 18)

  • Winter 2010 Final Exam Study Guide

  • Final Lab Portfolio Task List (due Thurs. Mar. 18)
  • Winter 2010 Final Exam Study Guide
    Click Here for 2008 Midterm Study Guide (Updated Feb. 11, 2008)

    Final Study Guide

    Click Here for 2008 Midterm Portfolio Instructions

    Click Here for 2008 Final Portfolio Instructions
    Click Here Final 2008 Exam Study Guide

    Hydrology-Related Links

    WILLAMETTE VALLEY / HYDROLOGIC CONNECTIONS

    Willamette Water 2100 Project (OSU)
    Oregon Water Resources Department
    OSU Institute for Water and Watersheds
    OSU Water Resources Graduate Program
    USGS Oregon Water Resources Home Page
    USGS Willamette Basin Groundwater Study
    Streamnet - Fish and Water Data for the Pacific Northwest
    US Bureau of Reclamation - Hydromet Data Center for the Pacific Northwest
    US Army Corps of Engineers - Portland District
    Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board
    Oregon Climate Service
    National Weather Service - Portland Office
    Oregon Groundwater Association
    Link to PNW Hydrologic Observatory Web Site at OSU

    WATER-RELATED ORGANIZATIONS

    U.S. Water News
    American Institute of Hydrology
    American Water Resources Association
    American Public Works Association (APWA)
    American Water Works Association
    National Water Resources Association (NWRA)
    Universities Council on Water Resources (UCOWR)
    USGS Water Links Page
    USGS Water Resources Information Homepage
    USGS Water Science for Schools
    CUAHSI (Universities Allied for Water Research)

    GROUNDWATER DATA

    USGS Groundwater Data for Nation
    The Groundwater Foundation
    Ground Water Protection Council
    Groundwater Remediation Technologies Analysis Center (GWRTAC)
    Ground Water Science
    National Ground Water Association
    EPA Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water
    American Ground Water Trust

    WEATHER DATA

    American Meteorological Society (AMS)
    NOAA Hydrologic Information Center
    National Weather Service
    Intellicast - Local Weather
    USA Weather Hub
    The Weather Channel
    Unisys Weather Data / Satellite Images
    National Weather Service - Portland Office
    NOAA Index of Websites

    CLIMATE DATA

    USDA Climate Maps and Prism Data
    NOAA National Climatic Data Center
    World Climate Data
    Columbia University Climate Data Library
    Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC)
    Instit. for Study of Oceans and Atmosphere
    University of Oregon Global Climate Animations

    SNOW DATA

    National Snow and Ice Data Center
    NRCS Snotel Data Center
    USDA Oregon/Washington Snow Surveys

    SOIL MOISTURE DATA

    USDA Soil Moisture Data
    University of Arizona Soil Moisture Data Center

    HYDROLOGIC DATA

    USGS Water Watch Web Site (Portal to U.S. Streamflow Data)

    Universities Water Information Network (UWIN)
    USGS Office of Surface Water Web Site

  • USGS Historical Streamflow Data
  • USGS Real-time Streamflow data

    USGS NAWQA Water Quality Program
    USGS Gaging Station Data
    NASA Global Hydrology and Climate Center
    NWS River Forecast Center
    National Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center
    Global Change and Paleoclimate Directory
    NRCS National Water and Climate Center
    Link to USGS StreamStats Website

    OTHER INFORMATION

    NOAA Drought Information Center
    National Drought Mitigation Center
    NOAA El Nino Website
    Water on the Web (NSF Educational Site)

    Water Resources Web Directory

    Hydroweb - The International Association for Environmental Hydrology


    HYDROLOGY SOFTWARE / SHAREWARE / MODELLING

    International Groundwater Modelling Center
    USGS Water Resources Software
    Watermodeling.Org
    Graph Print Software Download

    Class Activity Archive - Winter 2012

    Week 10 Activities and Materials (Groundwater/Wells Cont.)
    Well Hydraulics
  • Overview of Field Methods in Drilling and Well Installation
  • Equation List for Well Hydraulics
  • Figures to Accompany Well Hydraulics
  • Aquifer Testing Glossary of Terms

    Week 9 Activities and Materials (Groundwater Cont.)

    Groundwater Flow Mechanics
  • Equation List for Groundwater Flow
  • Figures to Accompany Groundwater Flow

    Flood Hydrology Word Search Exercise
    Groundwater Word Search Exercise

    Week 8 Activities and Materials
    Overview of Flood Hydroclimatology
  • Hirschboeck (1991) Climate and Floods (USGS Water Supply Paper)
  • Hirschboeck et al. (2001) Flood Climatology

    Introduction to Groundwater
  • Updated Unit Conversion Tables
  • Basic Equation List for Groundwater
  • Figures to Accompany Introduction to Groundwater
  • Introduction to Groundwater Video Exercise (Earth Revealed)

    Lab Exercise Due Wed. Feb. 29 - Must be completed to move forward in class
  • Instructions for Flood Frequency Lab Assignment
  • Answer Key Excel Spreadsheet with Alsea Tutorial Result
  • Answer Key for Alsea Tutorial Graph of Peak Q Recurrence Interval

    Week 7 - Activities and Materials
    Surface Water Week in Hydrology Land (with introductory video on groundwater)
    Overview of Surface Water Hydrology
  • Equation List for Surface Water
  • Figures to Accompany Surface Water
  • USGS Water Watch Web Site (Portal to U.S. Streamflow Data)
  • Link to OSU Stream Analysis Tutorial Website

  • Introduction to Groundwater Video Exercise (Earth Revealed)

    OSU Winter 2012 Water Resources Seminar Series (Wed. 4-5 PM)

    Hydrology Employment and Need for Groundwater Scientists
    Click Here for the class poem "Ode to Water" (by anonymous)

    Class Event Archive Prior to Midterm Exam

    Week 6 - Activities Midterm Exam and Lab Portfolio Due!
  • Finalized Midterm Exam Study Guide (updated 2/16/2012)
  • Final Midterm Lab Portfolio Checklist, Due Thursday Feb. 16
    Week 5 - Activities and Materials
    -Reminder Midterm Exam next Wed. Feb. 15; midterm lab porfolio due Thursday Feb. 16 by 5 PM
  • Taylor Notes from Nolin Seminar at OSU
  • Slide Show - Snow Pack Hydrology and Climate Change in the Western Cascades
    Week 4 - Field Trip to Oregon State University
  • Field Trip Pre-Reading: "Chang and Jones, 2011, Oregon Climate Change and Water Resources (Read p. 71-100 and outline for Wed. Feb. 1)
  • Link to Oregon Climate Change Assessment Report (Oregon Climate Change Research Institute, January 2011)
    -OSU Hydrology Seminar, Wednesday, Feb. 1, 4-5pm in ALS 4000 (Agricultural and Life Sciences Building)
    -Field Trip Meets / Departs 3 PM at Jackson St. Entrance to Natural Science Building
    -Class will migrate after the seminar to Woodstocks Pizza for lecture, lab work, festive interaction (bring personal funds)
    -Return to WOU at ~7:30 PM
  • OSU Campus Map - Directions of Ag. Life Sciences Bldg.
    Week 2-3 Handouts, Assignments and Activities
  • NEW! Primer on Solving Quantitative-Style Word Problems in Physical Science and Geology
  • Week 3 Equation List
  • Excel 2007 Tutorial
    Week 1-2 Assignments
  • Print out note sets 1 through 5, compile in 3-ring binder, bring to class on Wed. Jan. 18
  • Read text book chapters 1 (Intro) and 2 (Hydrologic Cycle / Atmosphere)
  • Start working on online review questions (Moodle)
  • Work on lab problems sets and thinking exercises:
    -Introductory Hydrology Problems (complete all problems on page)
    -Intro to Quantitative Applications in Geoscience (Questions 1.1,1.9,1.2,1.5,1.4,1.3,1.7,1.8, 1.12, 1.13, 4.5)
    -In-class exercise: Intro to global water budget (p. 5 notes)
    OSU Winter 2012 Water Resources Seminar Series (Wed. 4-5 PM)