ES408/508 Medical Geology


Class Syllabus (Adobe Acrobat Format)

Summer 2012 Syllabus
  • Addendum to Syllabus - Class Reading Assignment List and Due Dates

    2011-2012 Finals Schedule

    Bulletin Board **Check Here for Class News and Events**

  • Click Here for Take-Home Final Exam (Due September 15, 2012)

    Class Update - Thursday August 30, 2012 (19:33 PM)

    **Take-home final exam is posted above / sent out by email
    **Benchmark assignment due dates include: Unit 1 Monday Aug. 20, Unit 2 Wed. Aug. 22, Unit 3 Fri. Aug. 24, Unit 4 Tues. Aug. 29, Unit 5 Fri. Aug. 31
    **As discussed in syllabus, Final Portfolio and Final Exam are due by September 15, 2012

    ES408 Med Geo 2012 - Class Reading Assignment List and Due Dates
  • Example Style for Journal Reading Notes
  • Example Style for Article Summary


    Summer 2012 Course Materials

    The class notes and course readings are organized according to their order of occurrence throughout the term. They are available in Adobe Acrobat Reader (PDF) Format. Acrobat Reader is invoked as a plug-in within the web browser environment. It is available on most machines at WOU. Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free by returning to Taylor's Home Page

    Exam study guides will be included as the term progresses. Please check future postings as exam time approaches

    Unit 1 - Introduction to Medical Geology (Monday 8/13/12 - Thursday 8/16/12)
    Unit 1 Readings, Summary Notes and Written Summaries Due Monday 8/20/12 (by days end)

  • Bowman et al., 2003, Medical Geology - New Relevance in the Earth Sciences
  • Bunnell, J. E., Finkelman, R. B., Centeno, J. A., and Selinus, 2007, Medical Geology: A globally emerging discipline
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview
  • Selinus, 2004, Medical Geology: an emerging speciality
  • Selinus et al., 2008, Medical Geology - A new future for geology

    Unit 2 - Geologic Factors and Human Health (Thursday 8/16/12 - Monday 8/20/12)
    Unit 2 Readings, Summary Notes and Written Summaries Due Wednesday 8/22/12 (by days end)
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 1)
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 2)
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 3)
  • National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 2 - Earth Processes and Human Physiology
  • National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 6 - Earth Perturbations and Public Health Impacts

    Unit 3 - Water Resources and Biogeochemistry (Monday 8/20/12- Thursday 8/23/12)
    Unit 3 Readings, Summary Notes and Written Summaries Due Friday 8/24/12 (by days end)
  • Edmunds and Smedley, 1996, Groundwater geochemistry and health: an overview
  • National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 4 - What we drink
  • Lindh, 2005B, Biological Functions of Elements, in Selinus, 2005

    Unit 4 - Anthropogenic Factors and Regional Medical Geology (Thursday 8/23/12-Monday 8/27/12)
    Unit 4 Readings, Summary Notes and Written Summaries Due Tuesday 8/28/12 (by days end)
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 4 - Anthropogenic (man-made) Factors
  • Komatina, 2004, Chapter 6 - Geospatial Distribution of Human Health and Disease
  • Plant et al., 2003, Global Environmental Geochemistry, in Skinner and Berger
  • Weinstein and Cook, 2007, Epidemiological Transitions and the Changing Face of Medical Geology

    Unit 5 - Case Studies in Medical Geology (Monday 8/27/12-Friday 8/31/12)
    Unit 5 Readings, Summary Notes and Written Summaries Due Friday 8/31/12 (by days end)
    Special Note: Student's Choice: Choose any 4 of the following case studies for your reading assignment
  • Abrahams, 2005, Geophagy and the involuntary ingestion of soil, in Selinus, 2005
  • Appleton, 2007, Radon: Sources, Health Risks, and Hazard Mapping
  • Bultman, 2005, The ecology of soil-borne human pathogens, in Selinus, 2005
  • Centeno et al., 2007, Global Impacts of Geogenic Arsenic: A Medical Geology Research Case
  • Derbyshire, 2007, Natural Minerogenic Dust and Human Health
  • Dissanayake and Chandrajith, 1996, Iodine in the environment and endemic goiter in Sri Lanka
  • Finkelman, 2007, Health Impacts of Coal: Facts and Fallacies
  • Fordyce et al., 2003, Case Study: Natural Iodine Occurrence in Sri Lanka, in Skinner and Berger
  • Fordyce, 2007, Selenium Geochemistry and Health
  • Frank, 2003, Molybdenosis Leading to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Swedish Moose, in Skinner and Berger
  • Fuge, 2007, Iodine Deficiency: An Ancient Problem in a Modern World
  • Gomes and Silva, 2007, Minerals and clay minerals in medical geology
  • Grattan et al., 2003, Case Study: Human Sickness and Volcanic Eruptions, in Skinner and Berger
  • Hillerdal, 2003, Health Problems Related to Environmental Fibrous Minerals, in Skinner and Berger
  • Thornton, 1996, Sources and pathways of arsenic in the geologic environment


    Web Links and Online Resources

    International Medical Geology Association (IMGA)
  • IMGA Publications

    Geological Society of America (GSA) - Geology and Health Division

    MEDGEO 2013 5th Internationl Conference on Medical Geology - "The Natural Environment & Health Hidden Dangers, Unlimited Opportunities" - August 25-29, Hilton Crystal City Hotel, Arlington VA"
  • MEDGEO 2013 Technical Sessions

    Reading Bibliographies / Journal Reference Lists

    2010 ES473 Academic Showcase Project (Updated April 22, 2010)
    International Association of Medical Geologists Reference List


    Student Work Samples

    Rvi Summer 2012
    Mary W. Summer 2012


    Class Readings - Downloadable Papers - Alphabetical Order by Author (*.pdf files)

    Abrahams, 2005, Geophagy and the involuntary ingestion of soil, in Selinus, 2005
    Alloway, 2005, Bioavailability of Elements in Soil, in Selinus
    Appleton, 2005, Radon in Air and Water, in Selinus, 2005
    Appleton, 2007, Radon: Sources, Health Risks, and Hazard Mapping
    Berger, 2003, Overview / Linking of Health and Geology, in Skinner and Berger
    Bowell et al., 1996a, Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in Kenya
    Bowell et al., 1996b, Biogeochemical factors affecting groundwater quality in Tanzania
    Bowman et al., 2003, Medical Geology - New Relevance in the Earth Sciences
    Bultman, 2005, The ecology of soil-borne human pathogens, in Selinus, 2005
    Bunnell, 2004, Medical Geology: Emerging Discipline on the Ecosystem-Human Health Interface
    Bunnell et al., 2005, GIS in Human Health Studies, in Selinus, 2005
    Bunnell, J. E., Finkelman, R. B., Centeno, J. A., and Selinus, 2007, Medical Geology: A globally emerging discipline
    Centeno et al., 2005, Environmental Pathology, in Selinus, 2005
    Centeno et al., 2007, Global Impacts of Geogenic Arsenic: A Medical Geology Research Case
    Combs, 2005, Geological Impacts on Nutritionin Selinus, 2005
    Cook et al., 2004, Geological factors in the emergence of infectious disease
    Davies, 2003, Case Study: Geomedical Health Conditions in Africa
    Davies et al., 2005, Medical Geology perspectives, in Selinus
    Derbyshire, 2003, Case Study: Natural Dust and Pneumoconiosis in Asia, in Skinner and Berger
    Derbyshire, 2005, Natural Dust and Human Health, in Selinus, 2005
    Derbyshire, 2007, Natural Minerogenic Dust and Human Health
    Dissanayake, 2005, Of stones and health - Medical geology in Sri Lanka
    Dissanayake and Chandrajith, 1996, Iodine in the environment and endemic goiter in Sri Lanka
    Edmunds and Smedley, 1996, Groundwater geochemistry and health: an overview
    Finkelman, 2007, Health Impacts of Coal: Facts and Fallacies
    Finkleman et al., 200X, Medical geology - An emerging discipline
    Finkelman et al., 2003, Case Study: Coal Combustion and Human Health in China, in Skinner and Berger
    Finkleman et al., 2005, Medical geology - The emergence of a new discipline
    Frank, 2003, Molybdenosis Leading to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Swedish Moose, in Skinner and Berger
    Fordyce et al., 1996, Stream sediment, soil, and forage chemistry of cattle health in Zimbabwe
    Fordyce et al., 2003, Case Study: Natural Iodine Occurrence in Sri Lanka, in Skinner and Berger
    Fordyce, 2005, Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity, in Selinus, 2005
    Fordyce, 2007, Selenium Geochemistry and Health
    Fowles et al., 2005, Environmental Medicine, in Selinus, 2005
    Fuge, 2005, Anthropogenic Sources, in Selinus, 2005
    Fuge, 2005, Soils and Iodine Deficiency, in Selinus, 2005
    Fuge, 2007, Iodine Deficiency: An Ancient Problem in a Modern World
    Gomes and Silva, 2007, Minerals and clay minerals in medical geology
    Gough et al., 2003, Cadmium Accumulation in Browse Vegetation, Alaska - Implications for Animal Health, in Skinner and Berger
    Grattan et al., 2003, Case Study: Human Sickness and Volcanic Eruptions, in Skinner and Berger
    Hillerdal, 2003, Health Problems Related to Environmental Fibrous Minerals, in Skinner and Berger
    Hinkle and Pollette, 1999, Aresenic in Groundwater of the Willamette Basin
    Jones, 2005, Animals and Medical Geology, in Selinus, 2005
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 1)
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 2)
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 2 - Overview Geological Factors that Effect Human Health (Part 3)
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 3 - Other Natural (Environmental) Factors
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 4 - Anthropogenic (man-made) Factors
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 6 - Geospatial Distribution of Human Health and Disease
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 7-8 - Procedures and methods in Medical Geology
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 9 -Regional Medical Geology
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 10 - Applied Medical Geology and Case Studies
    Komatina, 2004, Chapter 11 - Economic Applications of Medical Geology in Health Care
    Li, 2007, Selenium Deficiency and Endemic Heart Failure in China: A Case Study of Biogeochemistry for Human Health
    Lindh, 2005A, Biochemical Uptake of Chemical Elements, in Selinus, 2005
    Lindh, 2005B, Biological Functions of Elements, in Selinus, 2005
    Maskall and Thornton, 1996, Trace elements in Kenyan soils and implications for wildlife health
    Naidu and Nadebaum, 2003, Case Study: Natural Arsenic and Toxicity Problems, in Skinner and Berger
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 2 - Earth Processes and Human Physiology
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 3 - What we breathe
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 4 - What we drink
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 5 - What we eat
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 6 - Earth Perturbations and Public Health Impacts
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 7 - GIScience, Remote Sensing and Epidemiology
    National Research Council, 2007, Chapter 9 - Collaborative Research Opportunities
    Neal, 2003, Surface and Groundwater Quality and Human Health - Overview, in Skinner and Berger
    Nicholson et al., 1996, Acid and gas contamination at Poas Volcano, Costa Rica
    Nielsen and Jensen, 2005, Environmental Epidemiology, in Selinus, 2005
    Orem et al., 2007, Health Effects of Toxic Organic Substances from Coal: Toward "Panendemic" Nephropathy
    Oregon Public Health Department, 2009, Sutherlin Valley Groundwater Arsenic Study
    Pereira et al., 2007, Strengthening Environmental Health in Malaysia - Linking Medical Geology to Health and the Environment
    Plant et al., 1996, The role of geochemistry in environmental and epidemiological studies
    Plant et al., 2003, Global Environmental Geochemistry, in Skinner and Berger
    Robbins and Harthill, 2003, Life in Copper Province, in Skinner and Berger
    Rubenowitz and Hiscock, 2005, Water Hardness and Health, in Selinus, 2005
    Selinus, 2003, Biogeochemical Monitoring in Medical Geology - Methods and Practice, in Skinner and Berger
    Selinus, 2004, Medical Geology: an emerging speciality
    Selinus, O., 2007, Medical Geology - An Opportunity for the Future
    Selinus and Frank, 2000, Chapter 10 - Medical Geology
    Selinus and Galgan, 1996, Biogeochemistry and metal biology
    Selinus et al., 2007, The Medical Geology Revolution
    Selinus et al., 2008, Medical Geology - A new future for geology
    Singh, 200X, Theoretical Basis For Medical Geology
    Skinner, 2003, Geochemistry and Vertebrate Bones, in Skinner and Berger
    Skinner, 2005, Mineralology in Bone, in Selinus, 2005
    Smedley and Kinniburgh, 2005, Arsenic in Groundwater and the Environment, in Selinus, 2005
    Steinnes, 2003, Biogeochemical Cycling of Selenium and Iodine - Implications for Geomedicine, in Skinner and Berger
    Tateo and Summa, 2007, Element mobility in clays for healing use
    Thornton, 1996, Sources and pathways of arsenic in the geologic environment
    Tsing et al., 2007, Blackfoot Disease in Taiwan: Its Link with Inorganic Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water
    Wang et al., 2006, Arsenic concentrations in Chinese coals
    Weinstein and Cook, 2005, Volcanic Emissions and Health, in Selinus, 2005
    Weinstein and Cook, 2007, Epidemiological Transitions and the Changing Face of Medical Geology
    Weinstein and Selinus, 200X, Nature and Medicine - A break through for human health
    Whanger et al., 1977, Aresenic in Oregon Waters
    Wuyi et al., 2003, Case Study: Aresenic and Selenium Toxicity, in Skinner and Berger

    Moodle Access / Links

    Click Here to Go to the ES408 Moodle Management System

  • Instructions for WOU Terminal Server Access from Home
  • Moodle User Notes (Scott Carter, 2009)
  • Moodle User Notes (Scott Carter, 2010-11)


    Class Slide Shows

    No links or postings at this time, stay tuned/check often as the class curriculum evolves...


    Field Trip Guides

    No links or postings at this time, stay tuned/check often as the class curriculum evolves...


    Poster Project Resources

    Note: Poster project will not be engaged during Summer Session 2012

    Click Here for WOU Earth Science Howling Wolf Logo (rt-click; save as; *.pptx powerpoint file)

    General Resources and Project Guides

    Guide to Writing Scientific Abstracts

    Guide to Preparing Abstracts
    Guide to Preparing Scientific Posters
    Reference Citation Method (use for all text/graphics)

    Powerpoint poster template (Portrait 32 x 40 inches) - rt-click-saveas-save to your folder
    Powerpoint poster template (Landscape 40 x 32 inches) - rt-click-saveas-save to your folder
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 32 x 48 A.ppt)
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 32 x 40 B.ppt)
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 32 x 40 C.ppt)
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 32 x 40 F.ppt)
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 40 x 32 D.ppt)
  • Alternative Poster Template (Research Poster 40 x 32 A.ppt)

    Poster Scoring Guide for Peer Reviews


    Class and Lab Exercises

    No links or postings at this time, stay tuned/check often as the class curriculum evolves...


    Lab / Quiz Answer Keys

    No links or postings at this time, stay tuned/check often as the class curriculum evolves...



    Writing and Presentation Guides

    Guidelines for Geowriting (New Spring 2009!)

    General Guide to Technical Writing for Earth Science Students
    A General Template for Compiling a Lab Exercise Portfolio
    Example Article Summary
    Guide to Preparing Scientific Posters

    Spring 2006 Writing Assignments and Due Dates

    Study Guides

    No links or postings at this time, stay tuned/check often as the class curriculum evolves...