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The 5th biennial Region X Symposium on Rehabilitation
and Deafness was held in Seattle, Washington, April 21-23, 1999 at the
Best Western Executive Inn. The theme was 'Partners in the
Process: Improving Employment and Education Outcomes'. The 3-day
conference targets professionals who seek to improve education, employment,
and independent living outcomes for individuals who are Deaf, Late Deafened,
Hard of Hearing, or Deaf-Blind.
The program addressed three broad areas
that continue to pose challenges for education and rehabilitation professionals:
1) traditionally underserved special populations, 2) postsecondary environments,
and 3) transition into the workplace. The 18 break-out sessions were developed
around these strands and included: setting up the communication environment
for individuals who are deaf blind; the Client Choice project; surfing
the web for career success; rural outreach; school-to-work initiatives;
substance abuse counseling; and providing services to clients who are hard
of hearing. In addition to the
workshop sessions, the conference will also featured a Resource Fair of
With the theme of partnering in mind, the
conference addressed the recent reauthorization of the Rehabilitation Act.
The reauthorization calls for each state to develop an interagency agreement
among all relevant state agencies (including higher education and vocational
rehabilitation) which maps out a plan for the delivery of service and assigns
responsibility. Frederic Schroeder, commissioner of the Rehabilitation
Services Administration, was on-hand via teleconference to address issues
relative to this reauthorization.
Ramon Rodriguez of the US Office
of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services emceed the event. Keynote
speakers included David Bolnick, Accessibility Program Manager for
Microsoft Corporation, and Jeanne Kincaid, esq. and Jane Jarrow,
both well-known leaders in disability rights advocacy.
Conference proceedings will be produced
by the Northwest Outreach Center, and made available through the
PEPNet Resource Center.
Proceedings of Concurrent Sessions
Proceeding papers will be linked to this website
as they are received. Click on the links below to view the session papers.
A big THANK YOU to session presenters for sharing their work with us!
Wednesday, April 21
the Web for Career Success
Terri Goldstein, Technical Assistance,
Western Region Outreach Center & Consortia; & Jennifer Olson,
WorkAbility IV Coordinator, California State University, Northridge
Most service providers are familiar with
traditional job search methods, however, many are not up-to-date on the
value and uses of the internet in the employment process. The World
Wide Web provides a wealth of accessible information on developing job
seeking skills, finding job listings, as well as posting and submitting
electronic resumes. This session will provide both the technically
challenged and the technically savvy with tools for working with students
on career issues utilizing current technologies. Learn where the
"hot sites" are located, how to find a job on the web, develop an electronic
resume and other vital resources.
Living with Hearing Loss:
Career development and work experiences for persons who are hard of hearing
Carren Stikka, Rehabilitation Research
and Training Center for Persons who are Hard of Hearing or Late Deafened,
San Diego, CA
Research indicates that hearing loss-even
a moderate hearing loss-can and often does have a major impact on the individual's
employment status. In an effort to understand better the consequences of
hearing loss in the work place, the Rehabilitation Research and Training
Center for Persons who are Hard of Hearing or Late Deafened conducted a
series of focus groups with individuals who are Hard of Hearing. This presentation
will summarize the results of these focus groups and offer recommendations
for improving the employment status of this underserved and largely misunderstood
Deaf Prep: A retention and transition option for deaf and hard-of-hearing
Lindsey Antle & Paula George,
Pikes Peak Community College, Colorado Springs, CO
Pikes Peak Community College in Colorado
Springs, Colorado, is a HUB program of the Western Region Outreach Center
and Consortia. The college, in conjunction with local school districts,
Vocational Rehabilitation, the Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind,
Pikes Peak Mental Health Center and the Pikes Peak Center on Deafness,
has developed a four-semester transition program for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing
students and adults. This transition program provides instruction in English,
Mathematics, Study Skills, Critical Thinking, American Sign Language and
Resource Management in a community college (adult) environment. Classes
are taught by Deaf instructors and are conducted in sign language. The
presentation will outline the development process for this program, as
well as discuss the component classes.
It is a partnership!
Trevor J. Storrs, SLC Coordinator,
The ARC of Anchorage; & Alan Cartwright, Director, Center for
Deaf Adults, Anchorage, AK
Successful transition requires partnerships.
In the State of Alaska, we have linked ourselves together, pooling our
limited resources, to ensure the highest level of success for students
that transition out of secondary school. This partnership has allowed us
the ability to identify consistent patterns that develop in our target
populations, devise goals and objectives to address these patterns, and
create a plan that supports students as they move into the community. We
will share with you our system of partnerships, and use ourselves as a
model to demonstrate how it can be achieved in your community.
Beyond Hearing Aids: Increasing
employment outcomes for hard-of-hearing and late-deafened clients
Melita Green, VR Counselor, Vocational
Rehabilitation Division, Eugene OR; & Sheila Hitchen, VR Counselor
Specialist, Vocational Rehabilitation Division, Portland, OR
This is a unique training opportunity
for general caseload counselors, counselor assistants, community service
providers, and anyone new to working with hard-of-hearing and late-deafened
clientele. Experienced service providers will also find this workshop a
good refresher and an excellent way to update their knowledge of recent
technological advances in the field. Hard-of-Hearing and Late-Deafened
clients do not use sign language, but rely primarily upon hearing, speech
reading, speech and written communication. Technology, beyond hearing aids,
enables hard-of-hearing and late-deafened clients to enter new jobs or
maintain employment. This workshop will provide information and hands-on
demonstrations of current technology available fo ruse in the workplace.
Practical suggestions for serving this population will be given by VR counselors
who specialize in services to Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Oregonians.
I'm in College...Now What?" A video to assist Disability Services providers
in Deaf Student Orientations
Martha Smith & Cheryl Davis,
Western Oregon University, Monmouth, OR
Many times Deaf students who are new to
college life are not aware that procedures for receiving services are different
from what they were accustomed to in high school. As a result, both students
and service providers may become frustrated by what each perceives to be
a lack of cooperation and understanding on the other's part. This session
focused on information and policies to be relayed to Deaf students concerning
accessing services in postsecondary settings. The new video developed at
Western for Deaf student orientations entitled "Pah! I'm in College...Now
What?" was viewed. Presented in sign language with voice overs and open
captioning, this video is useful in Deaf Student Orientations to encourage
discussion on a variety of topics Disability Services providers must introduce
to new students, such as how to request services, policy issues, and the
appropriate use of interpreters. It introduces the topics in a general
way, leaving room for individual institutions to tailor the discussions
to suit their own needs.
Thursday, April 22
Reasonable Accommodation Process
John P. Evans, CRC; Reasonable
Accommodation Specialist, WA State Department of Personnel, Olympia, WA
It is unlawful for a covered entity to
deny access, effective communication and employment opportunities to an
otherwise qualified applicant, student or employee with a disability based
on the need of such covered entity to make reasonable accommodation. This
breakout session serves to educate participants on the obligations and
responsibilities of the covered entity, employee, student or applicant.
Key concepts to be covered include posting notification, voluntary
disclosure, qualification standards, confidential records keeping, qualified
individual/disability; requesting accommodations, reasonable accommodation
process, good faith effort, undue hardship and direct threat.
Carol Brown-Wollin & Jelica
Nuccio, Seattle Deaf Blind Service Center, Seattle, WA
This presentation introduces the audience
to the Deaf-Blind community in Seattle. It is interactive to help audience
members experience what it is like to be deaf-blind, and to be exposed
to deaf-blind culture. The audience will take home useful information on
1) deaf-blind experience; 2) brief etiology on deaf-blindness; 3) general
guiding tips; 4) common types of communication; 5) employment obstacles;
and 6) accomplishments in daily life.
the Future for Deaf Youth through School-to-Work Initiatives
Glenn Anderson & Susan McGee,
Research and Training Center for Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing,
Little Rock, AR
Many of our students, including those
who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing, are leaving school unprepared for the
jobs available in today's workforce. The demands of the workplace are changing,
and the educational system, both at the secondary and college level, needs
to embrace new visions and strategies to prepare our students for employment.
This presentation focused on one promising vision: The National School
to Work Initiative. Examples of model school to work programs were discussed.
Input from the audience was solicited concerning individual experiences
related to the connection between school and the workplace.
Discussion for Deaf Employment Specialists
Donna Platt & Janel Stromme,
Placement Specialists; Hearing, Speech, & Deafness Center, Seattle,
This roundtable discussion provided an
opportunity for Deaf employment specialists to: a) share their accomplishments
and frustrations in assisting Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing people
with their job seeking skills and in making contacts with employers for
job placement; b) provide and receive
support from other Deaf employment specialists; and c) develop a working
network with other Deaf employment specialists.
Creating a Communication
Environment for Deaf-Blind People that Works!
Paula Hoffman, Mark Landreneau,
Cherie Furtado, Susan Hamm, Terry Dockter, Lighthouse
for the Blind, Seattle, WA
Many times initial interactions with Deaf-Blind
people and vocational rehabilitation counselors or other professionals
fall apart, simply because the communication environment was not designed
in a way in which meaningful communication can take place. This presentation
will involve actually setting up a communication space that will be used
for a small group class. Co-presenters and the audience will discuss and
design the space, which will then be critiqued by Deaf-Blind consumers.
The audience will learn the essential ingredients and materials needed
to create an effective communication environment for a one on one or group
ABCs of ALDs
Cheryl Davis, Martha Smith, Northwest
Outreach Center, Western Oregon University, Monmouth, OR
For many, many hard-of-hearing students,
depending on hearing aids and speech reading will not be enough to survive
the communication-laden environments of college and work. However, service
providers and students alike are often unaware of the great benefit assistive
listening devices can provide. This session provided hands-on experience
with a variety of ALDs, and provided information on troublshooting, proper
use, and how to avoid problems. (Note: this presentation was an abbreviated
version of the Demystifying Assistive Listening Devices module previously
developed by Davis.)
Friday, April 23
Alaska Statewide Rural
Outreach Vocational Rehabilitation Program
Darrell Campbell, Doug Cluff,
ROVR Coordinators, Alaska Center for Deaf Adults, Anchorage, AK & Pat
Hamon, ROVR Coordinator, Deaf Community Services, Fairbanks, AK
The goal of the Rural Outreach Vocational
Rehabilitation (ROVR) Program is to expand and improve the delivery of
vocational rehabilitation services to rural deaf individuals in Alaska,
and to improve the successful outcomes of provision of vocational rehabilitation
to this target population. The target population is severely disabled,
traditionally underserved group of primarily Alaska Native deaf adults.
ROVR consists a program director and three outreach coordinators within
Alaska Center for Deaf Adults in Anchorage, Deaf Community Services in
Fairbanks and Southeast Alaska Independent Living in Juneau. The ROVR program
also collaborates with the Alaska Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
and Tribal Vocational Rehabilitation in statewide Alaska.
and Assessing Substance Abuse Problems with Deaf, Deafened, and Hard
of Hearing Individuals
Debra Guthmann, Project Director,
Minnesota Chemical Dependency Program for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Individuals
Service providers who work with Deaf,
Deafened and Hard-of-Hearing individuals encounter issues that may be related
to the person's use of alcohol and/or other drugs. Identification
and assessment of substance abuse problems present difficulties since there
are no formalized tools designed to use with this population. Participants
received an overview of substance abuse issues and were introduced to a
unique chemical dependency tool. Through the use of lecture, discussion,
case studies and small group work, participants became more familiar with
how to identify these issues.
Experience Seminar: How to make it work!
Robert Sidansky, Coordinator of
Student Personnel Services, National Center on Deafness, Northridge, CA
The National Center on Deafness at California
State University, Northridge, is one of many postsecondary programs around
the country that offers an intensive course for first time freshmen's introduced
to the college experience. This course has been designed to assist the
new students in their transition to college from high school and to help
them to get and use the tools they will need to make their college years
successful. It is anticipated that participation in this course will
help to improve the retention rate among these students. The National
Center on Deafness was given the authority to design and teach a section
of this course to deaf and hard of hearing students in order to make sure
it would fit their communication and modality needs.
Corinna McInteer, VR Counselor,
Vocational Rehabilitation Division, Roseburg, OR; Vicki DeForest
Brenda Nulty, Vocational Rehabilitation
Division, Eugene, OR
Seven pilot projects on Client Choice
were conducted throughout the U.S. Our ideas for our own Client Choice
project were gleaned from information developed by these seven pilot projects,
especially Vermont's DHR Client Choice project. The concept embraces
accountability and education in a teaching/coaching model as opposed to
the traditional VRD practice and the medical model. The
Client Choice Program fits nicely with the reauthorization of the Rehabilitation
Act as the act provides informed choice and encourages clients to choose
vendors. The session provided practical ways to implement choice and as
well as successful examples of Client Choice programs and informed choice
including accessibility information for deaf services.
the Technical Assistance Needs of Community-based Agencies Serving
Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Steven Boone & Douglas Watson,
Research and Training Center for Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing,
Little Rock, AR
This session presented the results of
a national survey of community based programs that provide employment preparation,
placement and related services to underserved special populations
of persons who are deaf or hard of hearing. Conducted by the University
of Arkansas Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Persons who
are Deaf or Hard of Hearing, the survey was designed to be parallel to
the needs assessment of postsecondary programs conducted by PEPNet.
Results, based on responses of a national sampling of 969 programs, include
a description of the populations served and the employment outcomes of
these services. Key needs of those programs serving deaf, late
deafened, hard of hearing, deaf-blind, and low functioning deaf were described.
Strategies to meet these needs by developing a national technical assistance
network to assist these programs were explored.
Legal issues...with Jeanne
This session was a question and answer
workshop only. No proceedings will be available.
comments, and questions about this page to:
D. Davis, Ph.D., Coordinator
Center on Deafness
Western Oregon University
Monmouth OR 97361
Last modified on 21AUG1999.